GMRV Publications

Design and Fabrication of Materials with Desired Deformation Behavior

Bernd Bickel, Moritz Bächer, Miguel A. Otaduy, Hyunho Richard Lee, Hanspeter Pfister, Markus Gross, Wojciech Matusik
ACM Trans. on Graphics (Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH), Volume 29, Number 3 - 2010
This paper introduces a data-driven process for designing and fabricating materials with desired deformation behavior. Our process starts with measuring deformation properties of base materials. For each base material we acquire a set of example deformations, and we represent the material as a non-linear stress-strain relationship in a finite-element model. We have validated our material measurement process by comparing simulations of arbitrary stacks of base materials with measured deformations of fabricated material stacks. After material measurement, our process continues with designing stacked layers of base materials. We introduce an optimization process that finds the best combination of stacked layers that meets a userís criteria specified by example deformations. Our algorithm employs a number of strategies to prune poor solutions from the combinatorial search space. We demonstrate the complete process by designing and fabricating objects with complex heterogeneous materials using modern multi-material 3D printers.

Project page with paper and video available at ETH Zurich

Images and movies

a.png [228Ko]
b.png [330Ko]

BibTex references

  author       = "Bickel, Bernd and Bächer, Moritz and Otaduy, Miguel A. and Lee, Hyunho Richard and Pfister, Hanspeter and Gross, Markus and Matusik, Wojciech",
  title        = "Design and Fabrication of Materials with Desired Deformation Behavior",
  journal      = "ACM Trans. on Graphics (Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH)",
  number       = "3",
  volume       = "29",
  year         = "2010",
  url          = ""

Other publications in the database

» Bernd Bickel
» Moritz B√§cher
» Miguel A. Otaduy
» Hanspeter Pfister
» Markus Gross
» Wojciech Matusik